61cm Quad (Oxygen) Torpedo Mount
61cm Quad O2 Torpedo Mount
|Coastal Defense Ship||Destroyer|
|Light Cruiser||Torpedo Cruiser|
|Heavy Cruiser||Aviation Cruiser|
|Fast Battleship||Light Carrier|
|Standard Carrier||Armored Carrier|
|Seaplane Tender||Submarine Tender|
|Repair Ship||Training Cruiser|
|Fleet Oiler||Amphibious Assault Ship|
"A famous high-powered, long-range mount, the secret weapon "Type 93 Oxygen Torpedo". The oxygen torpedo was able to bring certain death with its four tubes as well as being the definitive torpedo mount, using the four twin [Oxygen Torpedoes] firing tubes. As the new main equipment for destroyers and cruisers, it played a major role in night warfare and many other compositions."
A torpedo developed by the Japanese. It was nicknamed the "Long Lance" and it lived up to its name. While other torpedoes used steam propulsion for their torpedoes, the Japanese came up with the concept of using pure, compressed oxygen to propel their torpedoes. Advantages of oxygen propulsion were no wake, longer range and typically faster speed than the steam propelled ones. These were used to devastating effect during the sea battles of Guadalcanal. With the combination of both speed and damage, these torpedoes were some of the few naval weapons that allowed small ships like destroyers to heavily damage or even sink a battleship.
Although they achieved an unthinkable range of 40 km with their heavy warheads - almost triple that of the 14km maximum range of the Allied 21 inch Mark 15 torpedoes - using pure, compressed oxygen is so dangerous that some IJN ships were sunk because their oxygen torpedoes exploding. Examples include Chikuma and Choukai which both received mild damage from enemy ships that detonated the oxygen torpedoes in the hold.
Type 93 Torpedo aka "Long Lance"